How DNA Testing Can Help Psychologists?

When psychologists try to treat patients like those who have been affected by issues like depression, etc., they find that a number of their patients do not respond to their medications. The problem is that most of the psychologists prescribe drugs only from the list they have that is in general very short. Not only that, they may have to wait for two to three months for seeing response to the drugs they administer on their patients. Most of these drugs come with side effects such as headache, shaky hands, nausea, erectile dysfunction, and weight gain. It is in this context that psychologists are advised to get the DNA of their patients tested so they can prescribe the right drugs that work faster and more effectively.

Benefits of Genetic Tests Like the DNA Testing

1. Genetic tests help doctors and more particularly, psychologists, in deciding if their patients respond appropriately to the antidepressants they prescribe and especially, those that mainly work on serotonin. They can decide on the dosages also.

2. If patients get such personalized medicines that suit their individual symptoms and genetic profiles, they will get faster relief from their mental illness. Psychologists will also be able to know which drugs will work well for them and which drugs they should avoid administering on them. Most importantly, they can minimize the risks pertaining to the side effects that may be caused by some of the drugs. This means that those who have been suffering from issues like depression and who have undergone the ordeal and the brunt of the side effects of the drugs for a number of years can get great relief if their doctors choose to get their DNA tested.

Psychologists should therefore begin the process by educating their patients that gene tests like the DNA test will help them immensely. Of course, not many psychologists seem to be aware of how DNA testing will help them in treating their patients effectively.

3. Researchers have found out that genetic tests that include the DNA test may help in evaluating if the drugs they choose to prescribe will pair well and work effectively on the patients. There are a few vital issues involved in this. The first is to find out the type of metabolism patients have for medications. In other words, the tests will help psychologists in finding out what type of “metabolizers” the patients are so they can begin their antidepressant treatment accordingly.

Types of metabolisms and response of patients to anti-depressants

1. For patients with a poor metabolism, the medications will work very slowly which means their bloodstream will have increased medicine levels. Chances of more side effects also increase due to the sluggish metabolism of the patients. These patients may sometimes be affected by life-threatening conditions also.

2. In the case of those who have an intermediate metabolism, these patients may experience mild toxicity as well as side effects but these effects may not be as severe as in the case of patients with a poor metabolism. So, the effect of the drugs may not be substantial. Patients may have some relief from their symptoms.

3. As far as patients with an extensive metabolism are concerned, they will be able to absorb the medications more effectively. They can get quick relief from the symptoms also. Very importantly, they will not experience any side effects from the drugs.

4. For those with an ultrarapid metabolism, the medication process is very quick. This means the drug treatment will not be effective at all thanks to the fast synthesis of the medication due to the genetic metabolism.

To summarize, gene tests such as the DNA testing may help psychologists to understand the type of metabolism of their patients so they can prescribe the right type of drugs that work faster and more effectively on them.

Directors and Officers Liability Insurance-Know What Is Covered and Who Are Covered

Does your company have several officers as well as directors? If that is the case, then it makes sense for you to get yourself a corporate insurance policy, which will offer coverage for all these key people from claims made by third-party due to some of the decisions made by your officers or directors. If you are do dieting who these third parties could be, then the answer is they could be contractors, sub-contractors, employees, customers and vendors. Insurance companies provide this corporate insurance policy for those casinos to all the non-listed as well as listed organizations.

People who are included in this cover:

Any future, present and past director of a company who could be the organization’s internal audit committee member.

A Shadow or de-facto director can be also included in the Directors and Officers Liability Insurance plan. Any director who holds the company’s majority of the shares but may not hold the position of a director in real capacity is known as a Shadow director. However, the organization still compiles such a directors directions.

Any individual who has been listed as a prospective director when a company makes a public offer and his name is mentioned in the prospectus.

The policy also includes decisions made by directors’ legal heirs and domestic partners made in their facial capacities. Such a plan may also cover decisions made by legal heirs of managers and officers.

A D&O policy or a Director’s Liability policy offers cover to future, present and past directors, management committee members, officers, supervisory board membership organization’s governor appointed in accordance with the applicable laws or any member of the board of directors.

Scope of this corporate insurance policy may also extend for the following:

Any former subsidiary

A company or a form that is not a subsidiary of your company any more can still be protected within the scope of such an insurance policy for any decisions or acts taken or done by its your officers or directors while the policy was active or during the time of extended discovery period.

Present and former non-executive directors

An organization may have two different kinds of directors. They are non-executive directors and executive directors. The role of a non-executive director is to give an impartial viewpoint or decision on certain key decisions to be made. On the other hand, executive directors are involved actively in the daily decision-a making and activities of an organization. A decision made by a former non-executive or director of a company can be also covered under this liability insurance policy when the company implemented some of the decisions suggested by such a person and a third-party filed a suit against that act. Such a policy can then cover the costs such as legal or any other expenses, which may pop up during the claims made by any third-party.

D&O policy covers the following:

Actual or alleged breach of conduct or any act pertaining to harassment including sexual harassment can land the company and its top management into great trouble. A policy like this can help to keep the company’s reputation intact if the entire entity faces any kind of accusation rather than a single individual.

There could be scenarios when certain workers feel that the company committed an act of discrimination while laying them off all of a sudden. The policy will come handy for covering legal expenses when such employees approach the court or for doing out of court settlement.

A company facing bankruptcy is a cause of concern for the top management, officers and its board of directors. However, such a state also impacts other stakeholders like creditors. Vendors and investors. If a company fails to repay its loan, an accusation can be made by the company’s creditors against the top management. They may claim that deals were not unlocked although the directors knew that the company will not be able to repay them.